Question:

Chanakya and Indian Policies

by Guest14  |  8 years, 8 month(s) ago

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I have heard that the Indian policies, be it foreign or defense are based on the policies of Chanakya. Is it so? If it is true will someone be able to explain it to me in detail that why and how they have based their policies on Chanakya.

 Tags: Chanakya, Indian, policies

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  1. Guest6416

    Who is Chanakya? Chanakya was an adviser, chief administrator and prime minister of the first Maurya Emperor Chandragupta. This dates back to the years 370-283 BCE. Chanakya is considered to be the main architect of the rise to power of Mauryens. He is also famous for being an author to the famous treaties of his time. Chanakya has been considered as the pioneer of the field of economics and political science. Chanakya was a teacher in Tahsasila, an ancient centre of learning, and was responsible for the creation of Mauryan empire, the first of its kind on the Indian subcontinent. His works were lost near the end of the Gupta dynasty and not rediscovered until 1915.

    Chanakya was an expert of the shrewd acts of diplomacy. He believed in four ways—Sama, Daama, Danda, Bheda (treating with Equality, Enticement, Punishment or War and Sowing Dissension.)  Two publications are attributed to Chanakya: Arthashastra and Neetishastra which is furthermore renowned as Chanakya Niti. The Arthashastra talks about monetary and fiscal principles, welfare, worldwide relatives, and conflict schemes in detail. Neetishastra is a treatise on the perfect way of life, and displays Chanakya's in-depth study of the Indian way of life. Chanakya furthermore evolved Neeti-Sutras (aphorisms - pithy sentences) that notify persons how they should behave. Of these well-known 455 sutras, about 216 mention to raaja-neeti (the do's and don'ts of running a kingdom). Apparently, Chanakya utilised these sutras to groom Chandragupt and other chosen disciples in the art of ruling a kingdom. So through these sutras Chanakya provided the world the guidelines to be a ruler.

    If you observe the Indian foreign and defense policies seem to be following the same basic guidelines which were laid down by Chanakya. Although so much has changed and a lot of time has passed since Chanakya but the basic rules remain the same. After studying Chanakya I have to a point where I think the crux of Chanakya policies is if your opponent is stronger than you beat him through diplomacy and this is depicted in the battles between Chandragupta along Chanakya against the Nandas. Chanakya trained Chandragupta who became the first king of the Mauryan Empire and his grandson Ashoka went on to become one of the greatest Indian emporers. 

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