Question:

How many types of herpes virus are there?

by Guest13514  |  8 years, 10 month(s) ago

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I am a student of Intermediate and Biology is one of my major subjects. I have been given an assignment by my biology teacher in which I have to write an account on different types of viruses. Hence, I would like someone to tell me about the types of herpes viruses and their existence.

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  1. Harrydgr8

    There are about 8 different types of herpes viruses. Their names and brief details are provided below:



    Human simplex virus type 1 (HSV1)

    It mostly causes cold sores or Herpes labialis and other diseases like Cutaneous herpes, Genital herpes, Gingivostomatitis, Herpes encephalitis, Keratoconjunctivitis, esophagitis, hepatitis and pneumonia.



    Human simplex virus type 2 (HSV2)

    It is the main cause of neonatal herpes, affecting face, eyes, mouth, skin, and internal organs of newborn babies born to mothers having HSV2 infection.



    Varicella-zoster virus (HHV-3)

    Causes chickenpox and shingles with some fever and itching and sticks around for about a week.



    Epstein-Barr virus (HHV-4)

    It is passed through saliva, that’s why it is called the kissing disease. It can also cause a few types of cancer, like nasopharyngeal carcinoma (nose/throat cancer) and Hodgkin’s or Burkitt’s lymphoma (cancer of the lymphatic system).



    Cytomegalovirus (HHV-5)

    It can harm body organs like the spleen, liver, and lungs resulting in certain diseases like Colitis, Hepatitis, Myocarditis, Nephritis, Pancreatitis, Pneumonia and Retinitis.



    Human herpes virus 6 and 7 (HHV-6 and HHV-7)

    They both together are known to cause roseola infantum, a rash common in young children that results in fever lasting about three days followed by a diffuse rash.



    Human herpes Virus 8 (HHV-8)

    It is usually found in patients having HIV Aids and may also occur in patients with cancer, those being treated for cancer, and those taking powerful immunosuppressant drugs.

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