What is the history of Taxila city?

by Guest2201  |  9 years, 8 month(s) ago

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Taxila is one of the oldest city of Pakistan, I am looking for the history of Taxila city. Anyone have information about this please share it with me.

 Tags: City, history, Taxila



  1. Guest5975
    According to custom the Mahabharata was first recited at Takṣaśilā by Vaishampayana, a disciple of Vyasa at the behest of the seer Vyasa himself, at the sarpa satra yajna, "Snake Sacrifice ceremony" of Parikṣit's child Janamejaya.[citation needed]
    According to one idea propounded by Damodar Dharmanand Kosambi, Takṣaśilā is a associated to Takṣaka, "carpenter" and is an alternate title for the Nāgas of very vintage India.
    • 518 BCE – Darius the Great annexes Takṣaśilā, to the Persian Achaemenid Empire.
    • 326 BCE – Alexander the Great obtains proposal of Āmbhi,[notes 1] monarch of Takṣaśilā, and after submits to Puruṣa at the Hydaspes.[8]
    • 317 BCE – In fast succession, Alexander's general Eudemus and then the satrap Peithon remove from the Indus.
    • 321–317 BCE Chandragupta Maurya, founder of the Mauryan empire in to the east India, makes himself expert of to the north and northwestern India, encompassing Panjab. Chandragupta Maurya's advisor Kautilya (also renowned as Chanakya) was a educator at Takṣaśilā.
    • During the reign of Chandragupta's grandson Aśoka, Takṣaśilā became a large Buddhist centre of learning. Nonetheless, Takṣaśilā was succinctly the centre of a secondary localized rebellion, subdued only a couple of years after its onset.
    • 185 BCE – The last Maurya emperor, Bṛhadratha, is assassinated by his general, Puṣyamitra Śunga, throughout a parade of his troops.
    • Early 100s BCE Indo-Greeks construct new capital, Sirkap, on the converse bank of the stream from Takṣaśilā.During this new time span of Bactrian Greek direct, some dynasties (like Antialcidas) probable directed from the town as their capital. During lulls in Greek direct, the town organised profitably on its own, to individually command some localized trade guilds, who furthermore minted most of the city's autonomous coinage.
    • 90 BCE– The Indo-Scythian head Maues overthrows the last Greek monarch of Takṣaśilā.
    • 20 BCE– Gondophares, founder of the Indo-Parthian Kingdom, conquers Takṣaśilā and makes it his capital.
    • 46 AD – Thomas the Apostle visits King Gondophares IV.
    • 76 – The designated day of and inscription discovered at Taxila of 'Great King, King of Kings, Son of God, the Kushana' (maharaja rajatiraja devaputra Kushana).
    • 460–470 CE – The Hephthalites clear over Gandhāra and Panjab; and origin wholesale decimation of the Buddhist monasteries and stupas at Takṣaśilā, which not ever afresh recovers.
    Before the drop of these invaders, Takṣaśilā had been variously a capital for numerous dynasties, and a centre of Vedic and Buddhist discovering, with a community of Buddhists, Hindus, and probably Greeks that may have endured for centuries.

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